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La inteligencia artificial desafía a la humana

Artificial intelligence challenges human intelligence but does not replace it

25 de enero: en la misma alerta sobre inteligencia artificial saltan dos titulares: “La IA nos va a sustituir a todos en el trabajo»-La Vanguardia-“ y “La IA no nos quitará el trabajo, según el MIT» -Genbeta-“. La clave, además del coste, es la inteligencia humana para ‘curar’ los contenidos que nos llegan cada día.

The first headline "Artificial Intelligence will replace us all at work: this AI expert is clear" (lavanguardia.com) refers to the co-founder of DeepMind, Mustafa Suleyman, who is clear, according to the newspaper, that AI has come to replace the workforce. At least in most of the current positions

The position that Suleyman exposed in the recent Davos Forum is based on the increase in productivity that Artificial Intelligence generates in the labor market. If it continues as it is now, it could end up replacing jobs as we contemplate them today.

The second headline "Artificial intelligence will not take away our work, according to MIT: many AI are needed to replace a professional and that is expensive" (genbeta.com) is based on a study by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT by its acronym in English). It does not contradict the first one but nuances it: the cost of implementing artificial intelligence technologies is so high that it is still much more profitable to hire people to develop work tasks.

Between both positions is the one that was also exposed in the Davos Forum through the study Gen-AI: artificial intelligence and the future of work of the International Monetary Fund (IMF). According to this report, 60 percent of jobs are “exposed” in developed countries. To understand what this means, you have to play with another term in the report, “complementarity”: some jobs will disappear and, in the case of those that are complementary to AI, they will benefit from the improvement of productivity.

An example or something else?

So far, we have played with a simple example, black or white headlines. The underlying problem in the midst of uncertainty is the bewilderment of many workers about their future work. And those of us who are from the Baby Boom generation sound like what happened with the Internet when we were young professionals: we survived!

In the midst of this mess, it is clear that it will affect unevenly those who perform repetitive tasks and those who provide a differential added value. The key is that, according to the different studies, that added value is in the hands of the “emotion”, a trait that AI cannot yet emulate. Or does anyone prefer to put in the hands of technology a judicial resolution that can take you to jail instead of a judge? Or the care of a baby, in the hands of an android in the nursery?

What companies should do is see to what extent they have the necessary technological infrastructure and, from there, redouble their efforts to train their employees. In fact, among the priority processes of AI in the area of Human Resources, learning and development stands out, according to the Spanish managers who have already participated in the I Survey on the use of AI in the area of Talent.

Although these are preliminary results because the survey is not closed, among the main objectives for implementing the IAg, two stand out for 8 out of 10 respondents: increasing the effectiveness and agility of the processes and freeing up time for other processes of more value. If you haven’t done it yet, fill out the survey and we’ll share the results with you. https://forms.gle/DizQ3mhQarvUxDWn7

More information
Uncertain data on the impact of AI on the future of the labor market

Exposición y complementariedad: dos claves para reorientar la fuerza del trabajo ante la IA

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